बाबरी मस्जिद – रामजन्मभूमि टाइटल पर अदालत का फैसला आने में अब महज कुछ घंटे बचे हैं। तमाम तरह के सांप्रदायिक, कट्टरपंथी और लंपट किस्म के लोग सक्रिय हो गए हैं। माहौल में उत्तेजना का एहसास कराने की कोशिश तमाम तरह के लोग कर रहे हैं।
अयोध्या का फैसला जो भी आए लेकिन उसके संदर्भ में जो बयान और बातें अब तक कही गई हैं, उनके मद्देनजर लोग अपना फैसला अदालत के फैसले के बाद देना शुरू कर देंगे। यह तय है। इस मुकदमे में 1949 से पक्षकार हाशिम अंसारी अयोध्या के रहने वाले हैं और उन्होंने यहां सब कुछ अपनी आंखों के सामने देखा है। उनकी उम्र इस वक्त 91-92 साल है।
एक साल पहले उन्होंने एक टु सर्कल डॉट नेट को हिंदी में दिए गए इंटरव्यू में बहुत कुछ कहा था। वह बातें आज भी उतनी ही प्रासंगिक हैं। इंटरव्यू सुनकर लगता है कि अभी यह बात जैसे उन्होंने आज ही कही है।
इस मुद्दे पर मैं अपनी ओर से कोई टिप्पणी न करते हुए हाशिम अंसारी का वह विडियो और उसके नीचे सुप्रसिद्ध मुस्लिम बुद्धिजीवी असगर अली इंजीनियर के भाषण का एक अंश दे रहा हूं जिसमें उन्होंने कहा है कि कैसे सांझी विरासत वाले इस देश को तोड़ने की कोशिश की जाती रही है। उन्होंने अयोध्या के संदर्भ में इतिहास का भी जिक्र किया है। माफ कीजिएगा वह पूरा भाषण अंग्रेजी में है और मुझे उसे हिंदी में अनुवाद करने का समय नहीं मिल पाया है।
हाशिम अंसारी का विडियो
इतिहास को फिर से टटोलोः असगर अली इंजीनियर
Ashgar Ali Engineer spoke at a 3-day long international conference on “Armed Conflcit and Peace Prospect’ at Guwahati, Assam. The conference was organized by Omeo Kumar Das Institute of Social Change and Development. He delivered a lecture on ‘Re-reading through History of Communal Harmony’.
History is not history in the long run. History can be reconstructed, can be used or misused, history is the only social science that can be reconstructed as it deals with the past. It is a powerful tool which strongly appealed to our emotion. It can be used for controlling power to make or unmake society by reconstructing the past.
Because, it is all about our past. We tend to glorify our past. Muslims glorify their past and Hindus glorify Hindu period. We always take refuge in the past if there is anything wrong in the present. It is related with our culture and identity. Hindus says, before Muslims came it was all peace, prosperity, and everything started once Muslims came to India. Muslims will say, Muslim period was a glorious period. Muslims rulers were more tolerant towards others. In this way we reconstruct our history.
Text book in history – our heroes are their villains and there villains are our heroes. We give selective glorification of our past. It is a part of human behavior, we suppress our bad aspects. Same thing we do with our history. So that past appears to be real and ideal.
One must think about human behavior in mind while interpreting history. Everyone thinks that his religion is great. The dynamics of human behavior is important. For rulers, their interest is more important than anything else in the world. If a ruler belongs to my religion we would shape according to my religion. If a ruler belongs to other religion we may focus his bad aspects. So, we need to understand human mind.
Our history was written from British period. It was written chronologically. We don’t have analytical analysis of our history. British had their own interest keeping in mind their political goals. They saw unity among the Hindus and Muslims here and wanted to destroy that. They wrote history in a way to create tension between Hindus and Muslims. Whole Babari Masjid Ram Janambhoomi, the way the British translated Babar Nama. Babar never visited Ayodhya. He passed through. It was six month period in the diary is missing. So it was interpreted that in this period ram janambhoomi was destroyed in order to construct Babri Masjid. There was absolutely no evidence. He wrote it in a foot note and it was repeatedly used when the ram janambhoomi controversy started.
We can write history which will be very helpful in creating harmony in the society. Ayodhya has been a city of composite culture. There are so many Sufi establishments, masjids and temples. It was a great place of Muslim culture. It is also a city of Tulsi Das who translated Ramayana. In this conflict thousands died along with the harmony.
History of India is a culture of composite heritage. I don’t believe is periodisation as Hindu period, Muslims period, etc. it is very wrong. When we use the term Hindu or Muslim it becomes problematic. All rulers are homogenized as Hindus or Muslims. There is nothing like Hindu past or Muslims past. Various Hindu rulers fought among themselves and Muslims among themselves. Babar defeated Ibrahim Lodhi to come to India. It was between two Muslim dynasties. How can we say that Muslims killed Hindus to reign over India. Except Babar, Akbar or Humayun, all Mughals fought among themselves for power.
Culture of India is a composite culture, even before the Muslims came. It was diversity. Diversity is a part of the history of the India. It was always a composite culture. In Hindi, we called sanjhi virasat.
Today Indian Muslims don’t follow Ram, but in their language, they are very Indian. Once I went to Saudi Arabia in my childhood. They addressed me as ‘Hindi kaafir’. They think Arab Muslims is the true Muslim. Indian Islam is different and divers. Islam in Kashmir and Kerala are different. Indian Muslims, sect wise, are culturally linguistically different. Say for example, Assamese Muslims are different from me. I am a Guajarati Muslim. In fact al communities are diverse.
Different communities co-existed in India for a long time. Kabir panth is a result of marriage between Hindus and Muslims. Kabir would criticize both Hindus and Muslims. Arya samaj is another example of marriage between Hindus and Muslims.
Parinam Panthi from Gujarat believe in both Prophet Mohammed and Krishna. They also believe in idol worshipping. They consider prophet as an avatar of Krishna. In earlier days those who adopt Parinam Panthi would follow both religions. One brother would go to temple and another one will go to masjid.
These things are not known. We don’t teach history in a way that fosters communal harmony. We teach only those that create communal conflict.
Sufis contributed a lot for communal harmony. Kaafir means ‘someone who hides’ in Arabic. A famous Sufi leader opposed the use of the term of kaafir.
Communalism will be a thing of the past if we teach out history in a way to create communal harmony. Our education system is a powerful tool for strengthening communal harmony in the country. There should free debate among the historians on multiple interpretations in the country. Let us rediscover our past of composite culture. We should not let our rules use history in a way to satisfy their interests.